My father and grandfather used this tried and true method of calculating when to plant their crops. I remember them guarding their Farmers Almanac’s , Moon Sign Books, and Companion Planting Guides like they were treasure, and in a way they were. Their gardens were lush with beautiful and bountiful produce with very few pests. With the advent of the internet it’s easy to find and purchase the guides you need to plant bountiful organic crops. I especially enjoy the Gardening By The Moon website. It’s chocked full of helpful information like the information I’ve copied in part, below:
When to plant what:
First Quarter-At the new moon, the lunar gravity pulls water up, and causes the seeds to swell and burst. This factor, coupled with the increasing moonlight creates balanced root and leaf growth. This is the best time for planting above ground annual crops that produce their seeds outside the fruit. Examples are lettuce, spinach, celery, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and grain crops. Cucumbers like this phase also, even though they are an exception to that rule.
Second Quarter-In the second quarter the gravitational pull is less, but the moonlight is strong, creating strong leaf growth. It is generally a good time for planting, especially two days before the full moon. The types of crops that prefer the second quarter are annuals that produce above ground, but their seeds form inside the fruit, such as beans, melons, peas, peppers, squash, and tomatoes. Mow lawns in the first or second quarter to increase growth.
Third Quarter-After the full moon is a favorable time for planting root crops, including beets, carrots, onions, potatoes, and peanuts. It is also good for perennials, biennials, bulbs and transplanting because of the active root growth. Pruning is best done in the third quarter.
Fourth Quarter-In the fourth quarter there is decreased gravitational pull and moonlight, and it is considered a resting period. This is also the best time to cultivate, harvest, transplant and prune. Mow lawns in the third or fourth quarter to retard growth.
This year I’m experimenting with container planting to reduce water consumption. I use containers from EarthBox.Com and plan on documenting my successes and failures;